The Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) has been started by the Government of India in 1975, instrumental in improving the health and wellbeing of mothers and children under 6 by providing health and nutrition education, health services, supplementary food, and pre-school education. ICDS Scheme represents one of the world’s largest and most unique programmes for early childhood development, it reaches more than 34 million children aged 0-6 years and 7 million pregnant and lactating mothers. ICDS is the foremost symbol of India’s commitment to her children – India’s response to the challenge of providing pre-school education on one hand and breaking the vicious cycle of malnutrition, morbidity, reduced learning capacity and mortality, on the other
The objective behind launching of ICDS-
- To improve the nutritional status of preschool children 0-6 years of age group.
- To lay the foundation of proper psychological development of the child
- To reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity malnutrition and school drop out
- To achieve effective coordination of policy and implementation in various departments to promote child development.
- To enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education.
The beneficiaries and services under ICDS-
|Pregnant women||Health check-ups, TT, Supplementary nutrition, Health education|
|Lactating Mothers||Health check-us supplementary nutrition, health education|
|Children less than 3 years||Supplementary nutrition, health check-ups, immunization, referral services|
|Children between 3-6 yearsy||Supplementary nutrition, health check-ups, immunization, referral services, preschool education|
|Adolescent Girl and Women( 15-45 age)||Nutrition and Health education|
The main component of ICDS is non formal pre-school education (PSE) of children under 3-6, is directed towards providing and ensuring a natural, joyful and stimulating environment, with emphasis on necessary inputs for optimal growth and development. The services under ICDS are carried up in the Anganwadi centre, this setup is on per 40 children in village number of ICDS centre depends on number of children. This is also the most joyful play-way daily activity, visibly sustained for three hours a day. It brings and keeps young children at the anganwadi centre – an activity that motivates parents and communities. PSE, as envisaged in the ICDS, focuses on total development of the child, in the age up to six years, mainly from the underprivileged groups. It also contributes in universalization of primary education, by providing child the necessary preparation for primary schooling and offering substitute care to younger siblings, thus freeing the older ones – especially girls – to attend school and increase enrollment rate.
Status of Pakur
|No. of ICDS Centre||Description|
|No. of Functional ICDS Centre||2|
|No. of ICDS centre having own Building|
|No. of Anganwadi Sewika||1|
|No. of Mini ICDS Centre||5|
Swami Vivekananda Disabled promotion Scheme
This is central government sponsored scheme which focus on providing Rs. 200/- per month to children between 0-5 with disability of 40% on the basis of health/ fitness certificate. The target beneficiary under this scheme for the financial year 2012-13 is 1897 and the allotment is Rs. 7000000/-. From June 2012 the promotion amount of Rs. 200 is upgraded to Rs. 400/- This amount is credited to bank account of each beneficiary. Till September 2012 Total expense is 17.5 Lakh and the total beneficiary is 1439.
Mukhya Mantri Kanyadaan Yojana
MMKY is a progressive scheme of state government that focus on giving financial assistance of Rs. 15000.00 to BPL family for the marriage of girl.
- The basic criteria under this are the family has to be in list of BPL and
- The age of bride and groom has to be more than 18 and 21 respectively and marriage has to be in same financial year.
- The beneficiary has to be residential of same district.
The targeted beneficiary for this financial year is 215 and the financial allotment is 3225000/- which has been further allotted to all blocks. There is no expense reported till September 2012.
Scholarship for Disabled
This scholarship is for government school student with disability of more than 40%. Government provides Rs. 50/- per month to student of class 1st to 8th and Rs. 250/- to student of 9th and 10th. Total 2.75 Lakh is allotted to the district but there is no expense reported till September 2012.
Indira Gandhi Matritwa Sahyog Yojna
Under this scheme women who are expecting for the first or second time are paid Rs. 4000/- (in three phases), this amount is credited to personal bank account or post office account. Criteria-
- The age of beneficiary has to be more that 19 years
- She has to be resident of the same district.
- She should not be employee of any government or non government organization.
The survey of beneficiary is completed and the no. is 16032. Allotment for financial year 2012-13 is 2.63 Lakh
Mukhya Mantri Laxmi Ladali Yojana
This is a state government sponsored scheme that focuses on providing protection, education and secure future for the girl child born in a BPL family (Income should not exceed). Institutional delivery is the basis criteria to avail this benefit. Under this first or second girl child born through institutional delivery gets total amount of Rs. 30000/- till she reaches the age of 05, this amount is credited to the post office account of beneficiary.